During pregnancy, especially from the fourth month of pregnancy, often appear digestive discomfort such as nausea, vomiting, gas, bloating, indigestion, reflux and constipation.
These digestive problems in pregnancy, stem from changes in metabolism and an increase in the production of hormones estrogen and progesterone. The latter hormone relaxes smooth muscle tissue throughout the body, and therefore the digestive system, this causes digestions slower and indigestion, gas and bloating occur. Apart from third quarter is under more pressure from the uterus on the stomach which further hinders digestion and heartburn, reflux and constipation occurs.
Nausea and vomiting
Due to changes in metabolism during pregnancy the unpleasant nausea and vomiting may occur. Although it is usual to occur over the first quarter there are women that lasts more time.
- Try to have a regular meal schedule.
- Make light meals and more often.
- Do not take acidic, spicy or too fatty foods.
- Avoid coffee and tea.
- Carbohydrates, bread, cereal or crackers help alleviate nausea.
- Avoid foods with a strong odor that can provoke nausea.
Acidity and burning
Heartburn occurs when gastric juices up the esophagus due to gastric disorders, by overeating or by the pressure of the uterus on the stomach.
- Evita did not take very large meals, it is better to eat little and often.
- Eat slowly and chew well to facilitate digestion.
- Avoid fatty foods, acidic, spicy or with many spices.
- After eating not let you lie down a while.
- Use comfortable clothes that do not tighten.
Gas and bloating
The gases are formed when we swallow air when eating food and when the bacteria in the large intestine break down the food that is not digested in the stomach and small intestine. The gases produced by swallowing air is usually release by belching.
- Try to eat slowly and avoid eating too much air.
- Avoid carbonated drinks.
- Try not to eat fat to be slower to digest produce more gas.
- Starchy foods like pasta, potatoes and bread generate flatulence in the stomach, you can take your rice starch produces many gases.
- Bananas, peaches, apricots, melons, plums, apples and pears contain large amounts of sorbitol, a sugar that is difficult to break down in the stomach and produce gases.
- Artichokes and onions also cause gases because they contain fructose. Sprouts, asparagus and broccoli contain raffishness, which makes them harder to digest.
- Foods high in soluble fiber such as oat bran, peas are hard to digest causing flatulence.
- Milk and dairy foods contain lactose, which is difficult to digest so it produces excess gases.
Hormonal changes, the pressure exerted on the fetal intestine and digests the heaviest make during pregnancy is common to have constipation especially in the third quarter.
- Take plenty of fluids, especially water. Try other than during meals because the liquid dilutes stomach acid and digestion are slowed.
- Opt for foods rich in fiber mainly cereals, fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid those that are astringent, banana, quince, grapefruit, rice …
- Use olive oil in salads or roasted.
- Have a regular meal schedule.
- Try to exercise regularly.