Endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure that is used to examine the digestive tract of the patient. It is a flexible tube with a camera, where the doctor can view the images of the routes examined at a TV monitor. From our health blog we tell you in detail how an endoscopy works.
The endoscope can easily pass through the mouth and throat, esophagus allowing full view of the stomach, and upper part of the small intestines.
Procedure before undergoing endoscopy
Depending on what part of the body being examined, it is advisable to avoid eating and drinking for several hours before undergoing an endoscopy. If doctors are to perform a colonoscopy, you may be able to take a laxative to help to show clearer stool in the intestines.
In some cases, you may be able to prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection. If the patient is taking a blood thinning medication like warfarin, you may need to stop taking for a few days before undergoing an endoscopy, to prevent excessive bleeding during the procedure.
Usually an endoscopy procedure does not require general anesthesia, but is it possible to administer a local anesthetic to numb a specific area of the body and usually take the form of spray or pill to numb the throat, for example.
It may be able to be offered a sedative, so the patient feel more relaxed and less aware of what is happening around them.
The endoscope is gently guided through the body, and enter the part of the body being assessed, and may include places like the throat, anus or urethra, among others.
In some cases, the endoscope is inserted through a small incision made by the surgeon through the skin.
Depending on the nature of the procedure and the objectives they pursue, endoscopy can be a time of 15-60 minutes, and is done on an outpatient basis, which means that the patient will not have to stay in the hospital.
Procedure after endoscopy
After an endoscopy, it is likely to need to rest for about an hour until the effects of local anesthesia or sedation are gone.
It is possible that the bladder is being examined, you may notice some blood in the urine, but it must happen within 24 hours after endoscopy, but if this happens after this time will be necessary for the patient to notify the specialist