The osteoporosis is a bone disease where the bones become weak and prone to fractures, being more common in older people, but can affect men and women of all ages. Today, from our health blog we tell you the causes and prevention of osteoporosis.
Main causes of osteoporosis
Among the main causes of osteoporosis include the following:
– Decrease in estrogen after menopause, which play an important role in bone repair process and taking more chances of suffering those women who experience early menopause before age 45.
– Family history as it tends to run in families and the risk of osteoporosis is greater for those with elderly relatives who have suffered a bone fracture, people of European and Asian descent, thin people or small bones and people They have suffered a fractured vertebrae.
– Lack of calcium. This mineral and vitamin D are important in maintaining healthy and strong throughout life and the prevention of osteoporosis bones.
– Lifestyle, such as smoking and excessive drinking, taking specific drugs such as corticosteroids.
– Certain diseases, such as those affecting the absorption of nutrition related to Crohn’s disease and celiac disease, primary hyperparathyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, hypogonadism and people with type 2 diabetes.
-. Lack of exercise People who are physically active have a lower risk of developing osteoporosis, because their bones are stronger and less likely to lose strength with age, however inactive for a long period of time lose bone very quickly and you have a high risk of osteoporosis.
Physical activity during preadolescence and adolescence increases bone mass and reduces the risk of osteoporosis in adulthood. Therefore a proper diet in calcium and vitamin D and getting regular exercise helps in preventing osteoporosis.
Consider the following tips on how to prevent osteoporosis:
– Eat a nutritious diet that includes adequate calcium and vitamin D, which are necessary for building strong, healthy bones, being vital for the absorption of mineral aforementioned bone and muscle strength to improve vitamin D. The best source of vitamin D is exposure to sunlight.
– Perform regular exercise, like walking, dancing, climbing stairs or lifting weights, which help maintain healthy bones, while working the muscles.
– Moderate consumption of alcohol and snuff, as they increase the risk of osteoporosis.